Seit ist in Japan das sichtbare Bekenntnis zu einem kumi strafbar, was die modernen Yakuza in einigen Teilen des Landes immer mehr zur Arbeit im. Die Yakuza war einst die mächtigste Verbrecherorganisation in Japan. Aber diese Zeiten sind lange vorbei. Die Yakuza, eine kriminelle. Ein Mitglied der Yakuza zeigt seine Tätowierungen während des Sanja-Matsuri-Festivals Bildrechte: IMAGO. zum Seitenanfang scrollen. Diese Seite auf.
Die Yakuza – Portrait einer einst mächtigen OrganisationAuch die Unterwelt von Japan beherbergt eine Mafia: Die Yakuza. Die japanische Mafia erklären wir Ihnen einfach in diesem Praxistipp. Yakuza, auch als Gokudō von offiziellen Stellen Bōryokudan genannt, Eigenbezeichnung Ninkyō Dantai ist der Oberbegriff für japanische kriminelle Organisationen, deren Geschichte einige Jahrhunderte zurückreicht. Heutzutage sind die Yakuza ein Tabu, über das man in Japan nicht gerne spricht. Viele Japaner sehen sie als einen Schandfleck auf der stolzen.
Yakuza Japan The Yakuza: The Japanese Mafia VideoConfessions of Ex-Yakuza Leader [ENG CC] Wer damals sein gesamtes Hab und Gut verloren hatte Casino Salzburg als Krimineller auf der Flucht war, heuerte oft bei der Yakuza an, die ausser Unterkunft und Arbeit auch so etwas wie Struktur und Geborgenheit bot. Sie berät ihn und begleitet Leipzig Malta Mitglieder in die Gruppe; einige Frauen kümmern sich auch um die Finanzen. Wenn wir einschreiten, ist die ganze Sache viel schneller erledigt.
The most romantic tales tell how Yakuza accept sons who have been abandoned or exiled by their parents. Perhaps because of its lower socio-economic status, numerous Yakuza members come from Burakumin and ethnic Korean backgrounds.
Members of Yakuza gangs cut their family ties and transfer their loyalty to the gang boss. They refer to each other as family members - fathers and elder and younger brothers.
When the 3rd Yamaguchi-gumi boss Kazuo Taoka died in the early s, his wife Fumiko took over as boss of Yamaguchi-gumi, albeit for a short time.
Yakuza have a complex organizational structure. There is an overall boss of the syndicate, the kumicho , and directly beneath him are the saiko komon senior advisor and so-honbucho headquarters chief.
The second in the chain of command is the wakagashira , who governs several gangs in a region with the help of a fuku-honbucho who is himself responsible for several gangs.
The regional gangs themselves are governed by their local boss, the shateigashira. Each member's connection is ranked by the hierarchy of sakazuki sake sharing.
They have their own underlings, including other underbosses , advisors, accountants and enforcers. Those who have received sake from oyabun are part of the immediate family and ranked in terms of elder or younger brothers.
However, each kobun, in turn, can offer sakazuki as oyabun to his underling to form an affiliated organisation, which might in turn form lower ranked organizations.
In the Yamaguchi-gumi, which controls some 2, businesses and Yakuza groups, there are fifth rank subsidiary organizations.
Yubitsume , or the cutting off of one's finger, is a form of penance or apology. Upon a first offense, the transgressor must cut off the tip of his left little finger and give the severed portion to his boss.
Sometimes an underboss may do this in penance to the oyabun if he wants to spare a member of his own gang from further retaliation.
This practice has started to wane amongst the younger members, due to it being an easy identifier for police. Its origin stems from the traditional way of holding a Japanese sword.
The bottom three fingers of each hand are used to grip the sword tightly, with the thumb and index fingers slightly loose. The removal of digits starting with the little finger moving up the hand to the index finger progressively weakens a person's sword grip.
The idea is that a person with a weak sword grip then has to rely more on the group for protection—reducing individual action.
In recent years, prosthetic fingertips have been developed to disguise this distinctive appearance. Many Yakuza have full-body tattoos including their genitalia.
These tattoos, known as irezumi in Japan, are still often "hand-poked", that is, the ink is inserted beneath the skin using non-electrical, hand-made and handheld tools with needles of sharpened bamboo or steel.
The procedure is expensive, painful, and can take years to complete. When Yakuza members play Oicho-Kabu cards with each other, they often remove their shirts or open them up and drape them around their waists.
This enables them to display their full-body tattoos to each other. This is one of the few times that Yakuza members display their tattoos to others, as they normally keep them concealed in public with long-sleeved and high-necked shirts.
When new members join, they are often required to remove their trousers as well and reveal any lower body tattoos.
Although Yakuza membership has declined since the implementation of the Anti- Boryokudan Act in , there are still approximately 28, active Yakuza members in Japan as of The Yamaguchi family is successful to the point where its name has become synonymous with Japanese organized crime in many parts of Asia outside Japan.
Many Chinese or Korean persons who do not know the name "Yakuza" would know the name "Yamaguchi-gumi", which is frequently portrayed in gangster films.
Under the Organized Crime Countermeasures Law, the Prefectural Public Safety Commissions have registered 24 syndicates as the designated boryokudan groups.
Fukuoka Prefecture has the largest number of designated boryokudan groups among all of the prefectures, at 5; the Kudo-kai , the Taishu-kai , the Fukuhaku-kai , the Dojin-kai and the Namikawa-kai.
Meanwhile, others set up illegal gambling houses in abandoned temples and shrines. Wikimedia Commons A member of the Yakuza inside of an illegal Toba casino.
And in those groups, the first Yakuza were born. It was more than just profitable. It won them respect. Kobun traditionally take a blood oath of allegiance , and a member who breaks the yakuza code must show penance—historically through a ritual in which the kobun cuts off his little finger with a sword and presents it to his oyabun , though this practice has declined over time.
Over time the yakuza have shifted toward white-collar crime , relying more and more on bribery in lieu of violence, and indeed in the early 21st century they were one of the least murderous criminal groups in the world.
These activities make the relationship between yakuza and police in Japan a complicated one; yakuza membership itself is not illegal, and yakuza-owned businesses and gang headquarters are often clearly marked.
Members have even been called upon to perform public functions, as when a yakuza force was assembled to serve as a security force during a visit by U.
Dwight Eisenhower although the visit ultimately did not occur. In fights, the player character uses hand-to-hand combat, using skills such as Rush Combos, grabs, throws and Finishing Moves, and some games allow the player character to select from and use multiple fighting styles.
Weapons and objects can also be wielded, though firearms are rare. Winning some of these battles can result in obtaining money or items which can be sold or used to purchase equipment or a variety of items in shops, gamble, or play mini-games.
Encounter Battles caused by the story can end quicker by finishing the leader of the enemies, as well as by using powerful moves called Heat Actions, which require the filling of the 'Heat Gauge' to become usable.
Some of these tend to include quick time events. As the player character fights, they gain experience that can be used to increase their stats and become a stronger fighter.
The newest installment in the series, Yakuza: Like a Dragon , includes a new battle system where the player character recruits party members to fight alongside them in turn-based role-playing game battles against enemies, and to play alongside them in mini-games.
The series has a high number of entertaining sub-stories, which often complement the main story. There are many mini-games, which range from activities like bowling, darts, and arcade games, to much more complex ones, like professions, which can take a number of hours over the course of several sessions to complete.
Examples include:. A recurring superboss known as Amon appears in most of the games. Depending on the title, there may be more than one.
For example, Yakuza 5 features an Amon for each playable character, including an idol version for Haruka to face off against.
The primary protagonist of the Yakuza series is Kazuma Kiryu , who is playable in every numbered entry through Yakuza 6.
Some games, such as Yakuza 4 and Yakuza 5 , feature multiple playable characters, with players switching between them at predetermined points in the story.
Other characters have appeared as the protagonists of various spin-off titles. As of [update] , the Yakuza series includes eight main games, released in chronological order with the exception of the prequel Yakuza 0 , with each new installment following the events of the previous title.
There are also several spin-off titles. One, Kenzan! The storytelling of the series is inspired by yakuza films , one of the most popular cinematic genres in Japan.
The stories of the first two games in the series were supervised by novelist Hase Seishu , a writer of crime fiction. The main story is presented in chapters, much like Kinji Fukasaku 's classic yakuza movie Sympathy for the Underdog and is expanded upon with around a hundred subplots per game.
The depth this provides leads to the series having a large cast of characters, including many which recur in minor roles.
The game was released in Japan and Asia on March 6, It was initially scheduled for Japanese release on March 17, ,  but the release was delayed to June 9, following the Tohoku earthquake on March 11, The game was released in Japan on February 22, ,  and worldwide on October 2, Kazuma Kiryu appears as an equippable DLC skin, while other Yakuza characters make minor cameo appearances.
Despite these surprising social benefits of the yakuza, the Japanese government has cracked down on the gangs in recent decades. In , the Osaka Securities Exchange purged all of its listed companies that had ties to the yakuza.
Since , police across the country have been arresting yakuza bosses and shutting down businesses that cooperate with the gangs.
Although the police are making serious efforts to suppress yakuza activity in Japan these days, it seems unlikely that the syndicates will disappear entirely.
They have survived for more than years, after all, and they are closely entwined with many aspects of Japanese society and culture. Share Flipboard Email.
Kallie Szczepanski. I would want to hear from a police officer as well. I want to see how he views these protests by the Nihon No Kai, right wingers, and the yakuza.
Ultimately, if right wing parties choose not to work with the Japanese yakuza they will be disassembled. I think the reason why Kudo did this video was to show that the right wingers, in his eyes, are normal people with nationalistic political agendas.
To continue with politics, the Democratic Party of Japan is backed by 40, organized crime members. The DPJ promised members of organized crime to keep a criminal conspiracy law off the books and pledged to work to get voting rights for the Korean- Japanese, which make up a portion of organized crime.
Recently, the minister of justice, Tanaka, was exposed and had to resign because of his ties with the Yakuza.
This being said, the underworld infiltrates politics from all sides, not just the right wing Global vice: The expanding territory of the yakuza: An interview with Jake Adelstein 66 1 , The link between yakuza and right-wing organizations, along with their supposed link to politicians, is at the core of the responsibility for the influence and the involvement of organized crime members in politics.
The murder rate in was a amongst a global low of 0. To put it into perspective, America in had the murder rate of almost 4 per , people Economist Magazine Putting crime into the view of the yakuza gangsters, yakuza are not a malicious force on society but if there is a murder committed, it is kept very hidden.
This analyzation will explain the legal zones of policing towards the yakuza. This meeting displayed the close relationship with the yakuza and the state and their similar agendas.
The two were both concerned with the upsurge in left sided activism, including the upturn in labor union strikes that were seen by the government as being unpatriotic threats to the societal stability.
The state encouraged capitalist production and yakuza were more than happy to accept the payment of company management for their assistance, allowing them to be hired as strikebreakers.
Yakuza and the state also came together in their common attribute of the purposeful use of violence, as a way to exert and maintain their power.
This meeting and shared agenda is something that would never be seen amongst any other Mafia group.
Yakuza and the state became partners, establishing that there was, and still is legitimacy within the yakuza violence.
In Japan, there was now a relationship between the legitimate and the illegitimate. Because the Japanese officials were not contesting legitimate violence, it allowed for a kind of violent legitimacy.
The meeting was covered by media, yakuza unbothered by the public display of their power. Japanese policing is very different than that of America.
Recently, the police have used a of contract laws, civil laws, ordinances, and criminal laws to arrest the yakuza more frequently. Additionally, many banks, auto-dealers, and real-estate agencies have organized crime exclusionary ordinances within their contracts.
The police are making things increasingly more difficult for yakuza. In modern society, one can share information from the yakuza with the police, but information one gets from the police can never be shared to the yakuza.
The reason for this aids in my argument of the yakuza public face. The reason why yakuza want to share information with a reporter even if they go to the police, is because they use information as a way to hurt a rival gang.
They even use this tactic to stop acts of fellow yakuza branches. Yakuza still follow some level of an ethics code. If a branch of yakuza is acting in child pornography or something of that sort, another branch of yakuza that still stands by their traditional code will go against a modern crime as such, and tell the media.
There is a very low rate of individual crime in Japan, almost all of it is organized. The yakuza can be seen acting as a local boys and girls club for young misfits and school dropouts, bringing them in and making them members.
It is very rare to have a female boss. Everyone below the Kumicho is a kobun. The underlings pledge allegiance to a boss over a ceremony called sakazuki a saucer-like cup for sake.
Each organization has a particular process. One way is for a moderator to pour a cup of sake for the oyabun who takes a sip and then passes the cup to the kobun.
The ceremony is completed when the kobun finishes the sake and keeps the cup. The history of how the Yakuza began is not clear.
The burakumin was an ostracized sector of Japanese society. They dealt with death executioners, undertakers, butchers, etc.
They were forced to live in isolated or secluded areas. They turned to crime and gambling to survive.
One of the traditional gambling games that have survived until today is the oicho-kabu. Each card in this game has a corresponding number or score.
The goal is to get three cards that score a total of 9. The tekiya peddlers were also considered a very low class of people who sold illegal, stolen, or substandard goods.
But they soon began to band together and form organizations that initially sold goods and offered protection during festivals. The structures of the tekiya resemble the current structure of the Yakuza with an oyabun and kobun.
The tekiya became so good with commerce that they were recognized as official organizations during the Edo period